Blog

“The War Chest spilled over. Good for Geneva!”

August 20th, 2018

By John Marks, Curator of Collections

The Geneva War Chest Association, Inc. was formed shortly after the United States entered World War I. Community leaders felt that many organizations, and some con men, would be asking for money to support war-related causes. They created one organization to raise money, evaluate requests to use the money, and distribute it.

newspaper clippingLasting one week, the War Chest campaign began on May 18, 1918. In addition to patriotic speeches, president Alfred G. Lewis explained that this fund drive would “relieve Genevans of all war relief demands for a year.” An executive committee would review all requests for money from the campaign and provide public audits of income and disbursements. The American Red Cross, YMCA, and Knights of Columbus were well-established in war relief work and the War Chest made clear that money would be directed toward them. (See below for a full list of how money was distributed.)

newspaper clipping

In addition to news articles, the Geneva Daily Times ran ads for the fund drive. This one listed frequent excuses for not donating.

The campaign was divided into teams: Manufacturers, Business, Professional, Women’s, and Clean-up. People were presented with Invitation to Membership cards, emphasizing a spirit of teamwork. Genevans were warned to only give money to solicitors with these membership cards. There was at least one report of a woman taking money in the name of the War Chest and jotting names down in a notebook.

Geneva War Chest Association membership card

The Historical Society has all the cards from the War Chest campaign. Mrs. Stebbins made a one-time cash donation. City directories show that she was a widow, boarding with someone, so $20 may have been a large contribution for her.

Geneva War Chest Association membership card

Mr. Sullivan pledged through the Lehigh Valley Railroad. Full participation was a point of pride for groups, from factory workers to school teachers. The 100 Per Cent List was published in the newspaper.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An account of the War Chest’s activities for the newspaperIn November 1919 the Geneva Daily Times published an account of the War Chest’s activities. Like many fund drives, $150,000 was pledged but only $117,000 was collected. New York State had a United War Work Council which supported relief efforts, and the War Chest paid Geneva’s apportionment to that. While money went toward European relief and helping servicemen abroad, it was also spent in Geneva. Organizations supported local families whose breadwinners – a predominantly male role in 1918 – were away at war.

After all accounts had been settled, there was a balance of about $2,500. In 1921, with the approval of members who had paid their full pledge, the money was transferred to the Geneva Soldiers & Sailors Memorial. The Memorial Association eventually donated their funds to the Geneva Free Library, and a plaque to soldiers and sailors is still on the front of the building.

While fewer than half of Genevans donated to the War Chest, others took it seriously. There may have been other problems with this employee at the Standard Optical Company, but not donating to the campaign was the last straw.

I will close with the words of War Chest president Alfred G. Lewis at the end of the May 1918 campaign. “The spirit of co-operation aroused in Geneva was worth even more to the community than even the magnificent amount of money that has been raised.”

Tagged With: ,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

captcha

Please enter the CAPTCHA text